The Complexity of Disorder in India

The Complexity of Disorder in India

As India celebrated its 72nd Independence Day on 15 August 2018, the country continues to face multiple and complex challenges. Disorder—including political violence and protests—is increasingly multidimensional, complex, and evolving (OECD, 2016; United Nations & World Bank, 2018). Multiple types

How Lebanon’s Disengagement from the Syrian Civil War Changed Violence in the Country

How Lebanon’s Disengagement from the Syrian Civil War Changed Violence in the Country

The 2017 Qalamoun offensive (see here for more on this topic) disengaged Lebanese territory from the Syrian Civil War resulting in greater stability in Lebanon. This can be seen in the overall reduction in the number of political violence events

The Islamic State in Yemen

The Islamic State in Yemen

Since its formation in November 2014, the Yemeni branch of the Islamic State (IS) has undergone major changes in its organisation and tactics. Thanks to a more radical stance that has attracted several fighters from the Salafist movement and Al-Qaeda

Different Experiences of the 2018 Ramadan Ceasefires in Afghanistan and Jammu & Kashmir

Different Experiences of the 2018 Ramadan Ceasefires in Afghanistan and Jammu & Kashmir

The Muslim populations of South Asia observed the holy month of Ramadan this year with bids for peace in two of its most volatile areas: Afghanistan and Jammu & Kashmir (J&K). In both places, governments sought a temporary cessation of

IS After ‘Defeat’: Guerilla Tactics in the Desert

IS After ‘Defeat’: Guerilla Tactics in the Desert

A particularly pressing question for policy-makers is the form and intensity of violence to expect from IS now that it lost its control of Raqqa, Deir-ez-Zor and Al-Bukamal. Since the defeat in Al-Bukamal (November 2017), IS has split into various

US Involvement in Yemen

US Involvement in Yemen

The United States military began conducting operations against Al-Qaeda in Yemen shortly after US lawmakers passed Joint Resolution 23, which authorized the use of military force against “those nations, organizations, or persons” involved in the September 11 attacks against the

Increasing Political Violence in the Central African Republic

Increasing Political Violence in the Central African Republic

In the first half of 2018, political violence in the Central African Republic has both increased and spread to new regions. See the maps of Aug-Dec 2017 and Jan-May 2018 to observe the spread of violence across new regions. In

From the Mali-Niger borderlands to rural Gao – Tactical and geographical shifts of violence

From the Mali-Niger borderlands to rural Gao – Tactical and geographical shifts of violence

In late April and early May, six massacres took place in the Mali-Niger border corridor. Presumed militants of the Islamic State in the Greater Sahara (ISGS) carried out massacres against the Dawsahak community. Militiamen of the Movement for the Salvation

Alleged Chemical Incidents in Syria

Alleged Chemical Incidents in Syria

Chemical incidents have perhaps been the only consistent factor shaping the United States’ position on the civil war in Syria before and after Trump’s election. A chemical attack on Eastern Ghouta in August 2013 prompted an imminent attack, led by

The Many Sides of International Peacekeeping in Africa

The Many Sides of International Peacekeeping in Africa

Of the fourteen United Nations (UN) peacekeeping missions currently active around the world, half are based on the African continent. Of these, five—those in Somalia[1], Mali, the Central African Republic, South Sudan, and the Democratic Republic of Congo– have ongoing

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