Violent activities of the Fulani nomadic group have seen a sharp rise throughout January 2018. Since the beginning of the year, 66 separate events involving the militia have been recorded, a 260% increase from the same month in 2017 (see Figure 1). Fulani militias have become Nigeria’s most lethal actor in 2018. Fulani attacks on farmers are primarily practical rather than ideological; a competition of suitable grazing land over the autumn and winter months. Though this has historically been seen as a re-occurring seasonal problem for many of the area’s farming communities, January’s uncharacteristic level of violence has demanded attention of the national government and military.  State responses have been somewhat swift. Air forces conducted a series of air strikes on Fulani locations in Adamawa State in the late days of the month. Additionally, local militias have engaged the Fulani on a number of occasions. The level of unrest is likely related to a series of anti-grazing laws and curfews implemented late last year (Daily Post, 25 January 2018), causing the population of headers to compete for land in an increasingly limited area. Recently, lawmakers have advocated Fulani land rights schemes as a solution (Daily Post, 5 February 2018).

Figure 1: Fulani Militia Activity Relative to Other Armed Groups in Nigeria, 2018

Why has violent Fulani activity increased
sharply over a short period?
Charles Vannice
Charles Vannice
Africa Researcher
Charles Vannice is an Africa Researcher with ACLED with a background in political science and education. His interests include insurgency and politically driven conflict with a focus on East Africa and Nigeria. Charles’ past research includes work with the Institute for Policy and Social Research at the University of Kansas, where his focus was on the Indian sub-continent and Afghanistan.
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