On 13 February 2019, the United States (US) House of Representatives voted to approve H.J. Res. 37 to withdraw American military support for the Saudi- and Emirati-led coalition in Yemen (US Congress, 13 February 2019). Although majority leadership in the Senate effectively blocked the resolution, a similar resolution sponsored by a bipartisan group of Senators was approved on 13 March 2019 (New York Times, 13 March 2019). Though President Donald Trump has threatened to veto the resolution, the House of Representatives will likely approve the measure and send it to the White House for a decision.
Four years into the conflict, the scale of destruction in Yemen has reached unprecedented levels, and the country is likely to see the worst humanitarian disaster of 2019. ACLED data indicate that the war has caused over 60,000 total reported fatalities since 2016, with more than 30,600 just last year — an 82% increase from 2017. All parties to the conflict commonly target civilians, and thousands have been reported killed. Simultaneously, groups like Save the Children estimate that starvation and disease have killed another 85,000 children (Save the Children, 20 November 2018), while millions of Yemenis are displaced and in need of aid (Save the Children, 30 January 2019; United Nations, 7 February 2019). Though the United Nations (UN) brokered an agreement between Saudi- and Emirati-backed Yemeni forces and Houthi militants late last year — which included a ceasefire in the embattled Red Sea port city of Hodeidah — continued fighting has put the deal under immense strain. Its ultimate success or failure will be critical for the peace process and the country’s future in 2019.
For an explanation of ACLED’s methodology for collecting data on the Yemen conflict, click here.
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