A selection of visuals highlighting continental and country trends in political violence are included below. The data is drawn from ACLED Version 7.
Recent scholarly work suggests a decline in violence rates generally but these conclusions are quickly being challenged. Recent predictions suggest that interstate, national and substate violence is likely to increase in the near future.
In the past two decades, the primary perpetrators of organized, armed political violence on the African continent changed. Organized armed conflict in Africa is now mainly perpetuated by political militias and government forces
The rate of violence against civilians increased for the second year in a row in 2016 but the rate of reported civilian fatalities decreased to their lowest levels since 2002. Just over 8,050 civilian fatalities were reported.
Somalia, Sudan, Burundi, South Sudan, Nigeria and Libya are the most violent states and Somalia, Nigeria, Sudan, South Sudan, Libya and Ethiopia are the deadliest states across Africa, at present. The levels of violence these different states experience reflect the diversity of the security challenges facing countries across Africa.
Somalia continues to be home to the three most active conflict actors in Africa: Al Shabaab, the military forces of Somalia, and unidentified armed groups (UAGs). Nigeria and Ethiopia are home to the three deadliest conflict actors in Africa.