A selection of visuals highlighting continental and country trends in political violence are included below. The data is drawn from ACLED Version 5.
Recent scholarly work suggests a decline in violence rates generally; however, when considering multiple forms of political violence, the rate of conflict occurrence in Africa has risen over the past 18 years.
While every type of politically violent actor has increased their violence rates since 2009, organized, armed conflict in Africa is now mainly perpetuated by political militias and governments.
Africa in 2014 experienced the highest risk of violence against civilians since ACLED records began in 1997. Over 4,000 more reported civilian fatalities occurred in 2014 over 2013.
Somalia, Libya, Sudan, Nigeria, and South Sudan are the most violent and deadliest states across Africa, at present. The levels of violence these different states experience reflect the diversity of the security challenges facing countries across the African continent.
2014 experienced the highest levels of remote violence in the past 18 years, with over 1,200 events, suggesting that remote attacks are becoming more common and deadlier.